This website is maintained by the staff and PhDs of the Planetary Exploration group, which is part of the section Astrodynamics & Space Missions of the Space Engineering department at the TU Delft Aerospace Engineering faculty.


The website has been compiled with great care, but we cannot guarantee that it does not contain incorrect or outdated information. The department therefore accepts no liability for damage of any kind that is the result of any incorrect information on this website. The site is intended solely as a source of information. By placing information on this website, the department does not assume any obligations towards third parties of any kind. Therefore no rights can be derived from the content of this website. Do you have a question or comment about this site? Please contact us via the information on the contact page.

Information from third parties, products and services

This website lists information or links to information from third parties. We assume no liability and no responsibility for the content, use, or availability of third party content, websites and services. The information on these external websites has not been assessed in detail by the department for correctness, reasonableness, topicality or completeness. The design and functionality of this website uses the WordPress theme ColibriWP.


Unless otherwise notes, images used on this website are primarily from sources in the public domain, such as those obtained by Earth observation satellites and planetary missions from NASA, ESA etc. If you find references or images on this website of which wrong copyrights are used, would you be so kind to report this to us? We naturally welcome the use of the information from this website for public outreach and popularisation of our research. Therefore, please be so kind to contact us first if you want to use information or images in a specific way. Some images may fall under copyright, while others may not.

This website is AI Free

Texts created by ChatGPT and other Large Language Models are spreading across the web and its use is also finding its way into academia. While AI will enable many new developments, we find that AI-generated texts are generally well-written, but also frequently inaccurate. So, if you find a mistake on, rest assured it was made by a real human being. We’d like to hear from you, of course, to correct it.